Arthritis And Injured Cartilage

Canada Goose Outlet Normal articular cartilage, also known as hyaline cartilage, provides a smooth crystal clear gliding surface to aid in canada goose factory outlet the motion of the canada goose outlet mississauga joints. The structure canada goose outlet in vancouver of hyaline canada goose outlet 80 off cartilage hop over to these guys is divided into four layers: buy canada goose uk the superficial, middle, deep, and calcified layer, with the calcified layer representing a transition from articular cartilage to bone (Figure 4). This cartilage is canada goose outlet in chicago designed to achieve and maintain proper function over the majority of a person’s life. If the cartilage is subjective to excessive weight, overuse, improper alignment, or injury it begins to wear away leaving bone to rub on bone. Canada Goose Outlet

Canada Goose online Articular cartilage does not have the ability to heal itself, however canada goose outlet uk there are several canada goose outlet toronto location treatment options available to aid in the repair of injured cartilage. The knee is the most common joint in the body with cartilage injury issues. The knee joint is composed of a femur, canada goose outlet orlando tibia and a patella (Figure 5). There canada goose outlet usa are two types canada goose outlet edmonton of cartilage in the canada goose outlet seattle knee joint: the articular cartilage and the meniscus, which is a shock absorbent cartilage. There are also important ligaments within the knee joint. The anterior cruciate ligament and the posterior cruciate ligament. Canada Goose online

canada goose coats on sale Hyaluronic acid is a substance produced naturally in the body and is present within cartilage. When isolated, hyaluronic acid is a thick viscous solution that can be added to the natural hyaluronic acid of the knee joint. This solution used purified hyaluronic acid derived from either rooster combs or genetically engineered cells. canada goose coats on sale

Canada Goose Parka Glucosamine is another option for treatment canada goose canada goose outlet outlet black friday that can be injected directly into the joint. Glucosamine is a modified sugar that is formed by the human body and is used to canada goose outlet black friday sale form larger molecules involved in the formation and repair of cartilage. Canada Goose Parka

canada goose uk black friday Other methods such a gene therapy, platelet rich plasma (Figure 7). Growth factors and stem cells are in the experimental stage and are not proven as an effective therapeutic modality. Drilling and debridement of cartilage may help with injured cartilage. Occasionally, canada goose outlet shop the cartilage is canada goose outlet london replaced, regrown, and implanted. canada goose uk black friday

canada goose black friday sale When the cartilage is damaged and arthritis is severe, the choice is often simple, as the canada goose outlet store uk patient will need a total knee replacement (Figure 8). Many different types of designs and materials are currently used in total knee replacement surgery. Nearly all consist of three components: a patella component which consists of durable plastic, a tibial component canada goose outlet toronto factory made of a durable plastic cushion often held within a metal platform, and the femoral component which is usually made of highly polished metal. canada goose black friday sale

canada goose uk outlet It is logical to pursue and recognize canada goose discount uk the efficacy of biological treatment such as platelets and stem cells in cartilage regeneration (Figure 10). Simply, because it is better for the patient to be able to regenerate their own cartilage, than for is to be replaced with an artificial joint. However, the effectiveness of these treatment modalities is not proven. prospective randomized clinical trials are needed to judge the efficacy of the treatment modalities. What has been proven to work for arthritis is physical therapy, weight loss, nonsteroidal canada goose victoria parka outlet anti inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and possible injections (steroids or hyaluronic acid) canada goose uk outlet.